Kalapuya-Amin (Land of the Kalapuya)

Symposium on:

Land Management and Resource Use Technologies

of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, in 1450 and 1750


USFWS William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge, Benton County, Oregon, September 8-9, 2006

OSU Forestry Club Cabin & Brandis Oaks Savannah Restoration Project, Corvallis, Oregon, September 10, 2006


Event Objectives

Speakers and Presenters

General Schedule: Noon to Dusk

Friday -- Cultural Landscapes & Demographics: Names and Stories on the Land

Saturday -- Native Plant & Stone Products: Baskets, Bows, Bowls, Cordage, Carvings, Planks, & Points

Sunday -- Native Foods Acquisition & Preparation: Acorns, Animal Extinctions, Camas, Fish, Tarweed, & Wapato

The Kalapuya-Amin Symposium was a three-day event featuring: multidisciplinary papers on the current state of scientific knowledge regarding late precontact land management and resource use technologies in western Oregon (see Bibliography); demonstrations of precontact uses of local plant, animal, and stone products, including weaving, cordage, cooking, and woodcarving; and a guided field trip into local environments, featuring plant and animal species used in demonstrations and discussed in research papers. Participants will be able to taste, see, touch, smell, discuss, and otherwise experience the topics and settings of delivered papers; future website visitors will get digital summaries of the same lessons.

The general purpose of the event is to better acquaint people with the land and with abandoned land and resource use technologies that may still prove useful for meeting current and future management objectives. The principal audience is Oregon school children, current and future, via educational products and Internet communications. Secondary audiences include natural and cultural resource managers -- particularly those associated with the US Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS), with western Oregon Indian tribes, and with private, state, and federal landowners -- Oregon teachers, researchers, and interested public.

Event Objectives

1. Educational products of lasting value for Oregon students, teachers, tribes, and researchers. (A hardcover indexed Proceedings and a comprehensive long-term educational website are being developed as principal outcomes of this symposium).

2. Sharing information useful to western Oregon natural and cultural resource managers. (Using traditional technologies to achieve modern objectives).

3. Positive public outreach by event hosts and sponsors.

4. Identification of potential new markets for native plant and animal products for western Oregon farmers, foresters, and other land and resource managers.


Speakers and Presenters

A number of recognized and emerging scholars and scientists, including Tom Connolly, Melissa Darby, Douglas Deur, Leland Gilsen, Aleena Kliever-Turpin, David Lewis, Margaret Mathewson, William Orr, Eirik Thorsgard, Dennis Werth, Henry Zenk, and Bob Zybach, will present papers reflecting current knowledge of precontact Kalapuyan land management and resource use technologies. These papers will be assembled into an illustrated and indexed Proceedings edited by Zybach and Lewis and scheduled for publication in 2007.

Presentations and displays of basketweaving skills, materials, and products included examples of historical and precontact methods, materials, and designs by Kalapuyan weaver Connie Graves and Chetco weaver Aleena Kliever-Turpin.

Stone tool-making, cordage manufacturing, carving, and other skills using native materials and traditional methods weredisplayed and demonstrated by Leland Gilsen and Goode Jones.

A field trip to the Brandis Oaks Savannah Restoration Project was conducted by Rodney Slattum and Bob Zybach.

Native foods preparation will be demonstrated by Eric Essylsten, Rocky Polries, and Rodney Slattum.

Videotape and photographic documentation were completed by Josh Meredith and John Harris of ORWW and Chuck Williams of Cascades Chinook heritage. Jeff Hino and David Zahler of OSU Forest Media Center also provided technical eqyuipment for the symposium and took detailed video of basketry displays.


General Schedule

Each day will began about 11:00 AM. with registration and introductions. Presentations, demonstrations, and field trips were scheduled at a leisurely pace into late afternoon and early evening, beginning at noon. Every effort was made to document events as carefully as possible. An indexed and illustrated Proceedings and a comprehensive ORWW educational website that can be used individually or in classroom situations are planned as final products.

Attendance was limited to presenters and registered participants. The focus was clear presentation, good discussion, and good documentation and was achieved with fine results.

Friday, September 8:

Cultural Landscapes & Demographics

Time Presenter(s) Title Description
11:00   Registration  
11:30   Welcome and Introductions  
12:00 Dr. Bob Zybach Mystery of the 16th Century: Kalapuya-Amin Cultural Landscapes of 1450 and 1750


Handout [PDF]

1:00 Dr. Henry Zenk Kalapuyan Names on the Land


Handout [PDF]

2:00 Dr. Tom Connolly Kalapuya Archaeology:  The Cultural Record of the Willamette Valley Before 1450



3:00 Dennis Werth The Kalapuyan Experience of Robert W. Summers: Journal Entries from the 1870s Describing Native Cultural and Dietary Practices in Western Oregon. Abstract
4:00 Break    
5:00 Dr. Douglas Deur American Indian Reciprocity and Cosmology as Ecological Factors in Western Oregon Abstract
6:00 Bill Roulette A Contribution to a New Interpretation of Willamette Valley Mound Sites: Archaeological Investigations at Site35LIN468



7:00 Eirik Thorsgard Calapooia Mounds Contested Interpretations and Meanings Abstract

Saturday, September 9:

Native Plant & Stone Products

Time Presenter(s) Title Description
11:00   Registration  
11:30   Welcome and Introductions  
12:00 Dr. Leland Gilsen Cordage, Carving, and Lithics: Putting Kalapuyan Technologies into a Regional and Temporal Context Abstract
1:00 Goode Jones Using Native and Traded Stone to Manufacture Kalapuyan-Type Bowls and Bifaces Summary
2:00 Break    
3:00 Connie Graves Traditional Kalapuyan Basketweaving Methods and Materials, with Historical Influences Summary
4:00 Dr. Margaret Mathewson Museum Studies of Pacific Northwest Basketry: Placing Kalapuyan Contributions into a Regional Context Abstract
5:00 Aleena Kliever-Turpin Southwest Oregon Traditional and Historical Basketweaving: Comparisons with Kalapuyan Methods and Materials Abstract


Sunday, September 10:

Native Foods Acquisition & Preparation

Time Presenter(s) Title Description
11:00   Registration  
11:30   Welcome and Introductions  
12:00 Dr. William Orr Aminals and Environments of the Late Pleistocene in the Willamette Valley



1:00 Melissa Darby Wapato: The Phantom Root



2:00 PANEL Kalapuya-Amin Summary Discussion: What We Still Don't Know and Why It Is Important To Find Out Summary

Dr. Bob Zybach

Rodney Slattum

Tour of Brandis Oaks Savannah Restoration Project: Student Experiments; Wildlife Habitat; Camas, Cattails, Oak, and Tarweed Website

Eric Esselstyn

Rocky Polries

Kalapuyan Foods Sampling: Baked Camas; Dried Huckleberries; Tarweed Seeds; White Acorns, and Wild Filberts Recipes
End of Symposium: Thank you to all who assisted and participated

©2006 Oregon Websites & Watersheds Project, Inc.